Missing links in the study of solute and particle exchange between the sea floor and water column

Ruhl, S, Thompson, C, Queiros, AM and Widdicombe, S 2020 Missing links in the study of solute and particle exchange between the sea floor and water column. ICES Journal of Marine Science. https://doi.org/10.1093/icesjms/fsaa060

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Exchanges of solutes and solids between the sea floor and water column are a vital component of ecosystem functioning in marine habitats around the globe. This review explores particle and solute exchange processes, the different mechanisms through which they interact at the ecosystem level, as well as their interdependencies. Solute and particle exchange processes are highly dependent on the characteristics of the environment within which they takes place. Exchange is driven directly by a number of factors, such as currents, granulometry, nutrient, and matter inputs, as well as living organisms. In turn, the occurrence of exchanges can influence adjacent environments and organisms. Major gaps in the present knowledge include the temporal and spatial variation in many of the processes driving benthic/pelagic exchange processes and the variability in the relative importance of individual processes caused by this variation. Furthermore, the accurate assessment of some anthropogenic impacts is deemed questionable due to a lack of baseline data and long-term effects of anthropogenic actions are often unknown. It is suggested that future research should be transdisciplinary and at ecosystem level wherever possible and that baseline surveys should be implemented and long-term observatories established to fill the current knowledge gaps.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Additional Information. Not used in RCUK Gateway to Research.: *Corresponding author: tel:þ44 1752 633 100; e-mail: sru@pml.ac.uk.
Additional Keywords: benthic/pelagic exchange, biogeochemistry, particle, sea floor, solute
Divisions: Plymouth Marine Laboratory > National Capability categories > Western Channel Observatory
Plymouth Marine Laboratory > Science Areas > Marine Ecology and Biodiversity
Depositing User: S Hawkins
Date made live: 02 Jun 2020 11:13
Last Modified: 02 Jun 2020 11:47
URI: https://plymsea.ac.uk/id/eprint/8947

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