Faster, Better, Cheaper: Solutions to the Atmospheric Shipping Emission Compliance and Attribution Conundrum

Smyth, TJ, Deakin, A, Pewter, J, Snee, D, Proud, R, Verbeek, R, Verhagen, V, Paschinger, P, Bell, TG, Fishwick, J and Yang, M 2023 Faster, Better, Cheaper: Solutions to the Atmospheric Shipping Emission Compliance and Attribution Conundrum. Atmosphere, 14 (3). 500.

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Global concerns regarding air quality have over the past decade led to the introduction of regulations by the International Maritime Organisation curbing the emissions of sulphur and nitrogen oxides (SOx, NOx). These limits were implemented initially in so-called “emission control areas”, defined where the density of shipping activity combines with large coastal population centres such as northwest Europe or eastern USA. However, any legislation requires a scientifically robust and rigorous monitoring program to ensure compliance and prove attribution to an individual vessel. We argue the case for adherence to the mantra “faster, better, cheaper”, where widespread adoption of independent low-cost solutions of onboard, in-stack sensors, combined with existing, globally ubiquitous satellite-based “automatic identification system” (AIS) data telemetry, provides an excellent solution to the affordable compliance and attribution conundrum for shipping companies and enforcement agencies alike. We present data from three field-campaigns which have significantly advanced the concept of onboard real-time monitoring of atmospheric ship emissions.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Additional Keywords: ship emissions; emission control areas (ECA); International Maritime Organisation (IMO) regulations; sulphur dioxide; nitrogen oxides; automatic identification system (AIS); application�specific messaging (ASM); VHF data exchange system (VDES
Divisions: Plymouth Marine Laboratory > Science Areas > Marine Biochemistry and Observations
Depositing User: S Hawkins
Date made live: 29 Mar 2023 10:42
Last Modified: 29 Mar 2023 10:42

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