Incorporating a Hyperspectral Direct-Diffuse Pyranometer in an Above-Water Reflectance Algorithm

Jordan, TM, Simis, SGH, Grötsch, PMM and Wood, J 2022 Incorporating a Hyperspectral Direct-Diffuse Pyranometer in an Above-Water Reflectance Algorithm. Remote Sensing, 14 (10). 2491.

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In situ hyperspectral remote-sensing reflectance (Rrs(λ)) is used to derive water quality products and perform autonomous monitoring of aquatic ecosystems. Conventionally, above-water Rrs(λ) is estimated from three spectroradiometers which measure downwelling planar irradiance(Ed(λ)), sky radiance (Ls(λ)), and total upwelling radiance (Lt(λ)), with a scaling of Ls(λ)/Ed(λ)used to correct for surface-reflected radiance. Here, we incorporate direct and diffuse irradiance,(Edd(λ)) and Eds(λ)), from a hyperspectral pyranometer (HSP) in an Rrs(λ) processing algorithm from a solar-tracking radiometry platform (So-Rad). HSP measurements of sun and sky glint (scaled Edd(λ)/Ed(λ) and Eds(λ)/Ed(λ)) replace model-optimized terms in the 3C (three-glint component) Rrs(λ) algorithm, which estimates Rrs(λ) via spectral optimization of modelled atmospheric and water properties with respect to measured radiometric quantities. We refer to the HSP-enabled method as DD (direct-diffuse) and compare differences in Rrs(λ) and Rrs(λ) variability (assessed over 20 min measurement cycles) between 3C and DD as a function of atmospheric optical state using data from three ports in the Western Channel. The greatest divergence between the algorithms occurs in the blue part of the spectrum where DD has significantly lower Rrs(λ) variability than 3C in clearer sky conditions. We also consider Rrs(λ) processing from a hypothetical two-sensor configuration (using only the Lt(λ) spectroradiometer and the HSP and referred to as DD2) as a potential lower-cost measurement solution, which is shown to have comparable Rrs(λ) and Rrs(λ) variability to DD in clearer sky conditions. Our results support that the HSP sensor can fulfil a dual role in aquatic ecosystem monitoring by improving precision in Rrs(λ) alongside its primary function to characterize aerosols.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Additional Keywords: above-water reflectance; hyperspectral; solar irradiance; diffuse irradiance; autonomous monitoring; spectroradiometer; pyranometer
Divisions: Plymouth Marine Laboratory > Science Areas > Earth Observation Science and Applications
Depositing User: S Hawkins
Date made live: 17 Jun 2022 08:38
Last Modified: 17 Jun 2022 08:38

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