An Ancient Glaucophyte C(6)-like Cytochrome Related to Higher Plant Cytochrome C(6A) is Imported into Muroplasts

Kleiner, Friedrich H.; Vesteg, Matej; Steiner, Juergen Michael. 2021 An Ancient Glaucophyte C(6)-like Cytochrome Related to Higher Plant Cytochrome C(6A) is Imported into Muroplasts. Journal of Cell Science, 134 (9). https://doi.org/10.1242/jcs.255901

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Abstract/Summary

Cytochrome c6 is a redox carrier in the thylakoid lumen of cyanobacteria and some eukaryotic algae. Although the isofunctional plastocyanin is present in land plants and the green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, these organisms also possess a cytochrome c6-like protein designated as cytochrome c6A. Two other cytochrome c6-like groups, c6B and c6C, have been identified in cyanobacteria. In this study, we have identified a novel c6-like cytochrome called PetJ2, which is encoded in the nuclear genome of Cyanophora paradoxa, a member of the glaucophytes - the basal branch of the Archaeplastida. We propose that glaucophyte PetJ2 protein is related to cyanobacterial c6B and c6C cytochromes, and that cryptic green algal and land plant cytochromes c6A evolved from an ancestral archaeplastidial PetJ2 protein. In vitro import experiments with isolated muroplasts revealed that PetJ2 is imported into plastids. Although it harbors a twin-arginine motif in its thylakoid-targeting peptide, which is generally indicative of thylakoid import via the Tat import pathway, our import experiments with isolated muroplasts and the heterologous pea thylakoid import system revealed that PetJ2 uses the Sec pathway instead of the Tat import pathway.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Subjects: Biology
Marine Sciences
Divisions: Marine Biological Association of the UK > Knowledge Exchange
Depositing User: Tamar Atkinson
Date made live: 08 Feb 2022 15:52
Last Modified: 08 Feb 2022 15:52
URI: https://plymsea.ac.uk/id/eprint/9538

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