Pseudoalteromonas piscicida X-8 causes bleaching disease in farmed Saccharina japonica

Zhang, X, Chen, Y, Saha, M, Zhuang, Y, Chang, L, Xiao, L and Wang, G 2021 Pseudoalteromonas piscicida X-8 causes bleaching disease in farmed Saccharina japonica. Aquaculture, 546. 737354.

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Saccharina japonica is a commercially farmed seaweed of global importance. However, disease occurrence during different stages of cultivation can result in substantial economic losses. Identification of the causative agents of disease remains a significant bottleneck to the large scale cultivation of S. japonica. In this study, an aerobic heterotrophic, flagellated, rod-shaped Gram-negative bacterial strain X-8 was isolated from the bleaching diseased S. japonica sporelings. Pathogenecity of strain X-8 was tested by re-infection assay. The ultrastructural changes of infected S. japonica cells by strain X-8 indicated that chloroplasts were the first organelle responding to X-8 infection with deformed structure and later followed by fragmented nucleus. However, the ultra-structure of mitochondria and cell wall remained intact during the re-infection. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence, morphological and biochemical characteristics, strain X-8 was designated as Pseudoalteromonas piscicida X-8. The pathogenicity of P. piscicida X-8 was identified by Koch’s Postulate under laboratory conditions. Our results will not only help to establish a stable experimental model between the pathogenic bacteria and the host S. japonica to further elucidate the virulence mechanisms, but will also provide information for disease management to effectively prevent and mitigate the occurrence of bleaching disease of S. japonica at nursery stage.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Additional Keywords: Bleaching disease Pathogenic bacteria Pseudoalteromonas piscicida X-8 Saccharina japonica
Divisions: Plymouth Marine Laboratory > Science Areas > Marine Ecology and Biodiversity
Depositing User: S Hawkins
Date made live: 23 Dec 2021 10:13
Last Modified: 08 Dec 2022 11:55

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