Coccolithophore Cell Biology: Chalking Up Progress

Taylor, AR, Brownlee, C and Wheeler, G 2016 Coccolithophore Cell Biology: Chalking Up Progress. Annual Review of Marine Science, 9 (1). 283-310.

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Coccolithophores occupy a special position within the marine phytoplank- ton because of their production of intricate calcite scales, or coccoliths. Coccolithophores are major contributors to global ocean calcification and long-term carbon fluxes. The intracellular production of coccoliths requires modifications to cellular ultrastructure and metabolism that are surveyed here. In addition to calcification, which appears to have evolved with a diverse range of functions, several other remarkable features that likely underpin the ecological and evolutionary success of coccolithophores have recently been uncovered. These include complex and varied life cycle strategies related to abiotic and biotic interactions as well as a range of novel metabolic pathways and nutritional strategies. Together with knowledge of coccolithophore genetic and physiological variability, these findings are beginning to shed new light on species diversity, distribution, and ecological adaptation. Further advances in genetics and functional characterization at the cellular level will likely to lead to a rapid increase in this understanding.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Subjects: Marine Sciences
Divisions: Marine Biological Association of the UK > Marine Microbiome
Depositing User: Professor Colin Brownlee
Date made live: 25 Feb 2021 17:21
Last Modified: 09 Feb 2024 17:05

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