The small pelagic fishery of the Pemba Channel, Tanzania: What we know and what we need to know for management under climate change

Sekadende, B, Scott, L, Anderson, J, Aswani, S, Francis, J, Jacobs, ZL, Jebri, F., Jiddawi, N, Kamukuru, AT, Kelly, S, Kizenga, H, Kuguru, B, Kyewalyanga, M, Noyon, M, Nyandwi, N, Painter, SC, Palmer, M, Raitsos, DE, Roberts, M, Sailley, SF, Samoilys, M, Sauer, WHH, Shayo, S, Shaghude, Y, Taylor, SFW, Wihsgott, J and Popova, E 2020 The small pelagic fishery of the Pemba Channel, Tanzania: What we know and what we need to know for management under climate change. Ocean & Coastal Management, 197. 105322.

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Small pelagic fish, including anchovies, sardines and sardinellas, mackerels, capelin, hilsa, sprats and herrings, are distributed widely, from the tropics to the far north Atlantic Ocean and to the southern oceans off Chile and South Africa. They are most abundant in the highly productive major eastern boundary upwelling systems and are characterised by significant natural variations in biomass. Overall, small pelagic fisheries represent about one third of global fish landings although a large proportion of the catch is processed into animal feeds. Nonetheless, in some developing countries in addition to their economic value, small pelagic fisheries also make an important contribution to human diets and the food security of many low-income households. Such is the case for many communities in the Zanzibar Archipelago and on mainland Tanzania in the Western Indian Ocean. Of great concern in this region, as elsewhere, is the potential impact of climate change on marine and coastal ecosystems in general, and on small pelagic fisheries in particular. This paper describes data and information available on Tanzania’s small pelagic fisheries, including catch and effort, management protocols and socio-economic significance. Then, incorporating the rapidly improving understanding of the region’s oceanography resulting from the application of remote sensing and oceanographic modelling, the paper undertakes the most complete assessment to date of the potential impacts of climate change on the small pelagic fishery of the Pemba Channel. Pathways of climate change impact are explored and crucial knowledge gaps, both in terms of the fishery itself and the wider ecosystem, are identified in order to guide future research activities. Although we analyse small pelagics in the specific context of the Pemba Channel, the key challenges identified in the analysis are likely to be relevant to many small pelagic fisheries in coastal nations heavily dependent on living marine resources.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Divisions: Plymouth Marine Laboratory > National Capability categories > NC-ODA
Plymouth Marine Laboratory > Science Areas > Earth Observation Science and Applications
Plymouth Marine Laboratory > Science Areas > Marine System Modelling
Depositing User: S Hawkins
Date made live: 29 Sep 2020 18:53
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2020 18:53

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