Building resilience in practice to support coral communities in the Western Indian Ocean

Hattam, C, Evans, L, Morrissey, K, Hooper, TL, Young, KM, Khalid, F, Bryant, M, Thani, A, Slade, L, Perry, CC, Turrall, S, Williamson, DI and Hughes, A 2020 Building resilience in practice to support coral communities in the Western Indian Ocean. Environmental Science & Policy, 106. 182-190.

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Global environmental change and other site specific pressures (e.g. over fishing and pollution) are threating coral reefs and the livelihoods of dependent coastal communities. Multiple strategies are used to build the resilience of both coral reefs and reef dependent communities but the effectiveness of these strategies is largely unknown. Using the Western Indian Ocean (WIO) as a case study, this paper combines published literature and expert opinion elicited through a multi-stakeholder workshop to assess the intended and realised social and ecological implications of strategies commonly applied in the region. Findings suggest that all strategies can contribute to building social and ecological resilience, but this varies with context and the overall strategy objectives. The ability of strategies to be successful in the future is questioned. To support effective resilience policy development more nuanced lesson learning requires effective monitoring and evaluation as well as a disaggregated understanding of resilience in terms of gender, agency and the interaction between ecological and social resilience. Opportunities for further lesson sharing between experts in the region are needed.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Divisions: Plymouth Marine Laboratory > Science Areas > Sea and Society
Depositing User: S Hawkins
Date made live: 29 Sep 2020 08:43
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2020 08:43

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