Marine parks for coastal cities: A concept for enhanced community well-being, prosperity and sustainable city living

Pittman, SJ, Rodwell, LD, Shellock, R, Williams, M, Attrill, MJ, Bedford, J, Curry, K, Fletcher, S, Gall, SC, Lowther, J, McQuatters-Gollop, A, Moseley, KL and Rees, SE 2019 Marine parks for coastal cities: A concept for enhanced community well-being, prosperity and sustainable city living. Marine Policy.

Manuscript_CityMarinePark_Pre_Press_MarinePolicy2019 (1).pdf - Submitted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

Download (1MB) | Preview
Official URL:


Coastal cities continue to experience rapid urbanisation and population growth worldwide, linked to the diverse economic and social benefits flowing from proximity to the sea. Growing concern over human impacts upon coastal waters and global strategic goals for healthier cities requires that coastal cities develop innovative ways to inspire and empower communities to embrace and cherish city seascapes. Coastal city communities have much to gain from a healthier relationship with the sea. This paper proposes a collaborative community-led marine park concept that celebrates a city's connection to the marine environment, enhances sustainable economic prosperity and enables communities to participate in activities that deepen understanding, value, care and enjoyment of the city seascape. A city marine park (CMP) is not a marine protected area because it does not have biodiversity and heritage protection or ecosystem governance as a primary goal and does not aim to restrict human activities. A CMP enables city communities to collaborate towards a shared vision of elevated status and value for the city seascape. A CMP considers socio-economic and geographical context, including land-sea connectivity, and is integrated within a coastal city's strategic urban planning. This paper highlights core themes of a CMP and the diverse and wide-ranging benefits from coordinated activities that better connect the city community with its seascape. If co-created by the coastal city community and civic leaders, a CMP will form an enduring spatial nexus for progress toward healthy cities addressing multiple interlinked global sustainable development goals.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Divisions: Plymouth Marine Laboratory > Science Areas > Sea and Society
Depositing User: Kim Hockley
Date made live: 12 Mar 2019 14:52
Last Modified: 25 Apr 2020 09:59

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item