Importance of fisheries for food security across three climate change vulnerable deltas

Lauria, V, Das, I, Hazra, S, Cazcarro, I, Arto, I, Kay, S, Ofori-Danson, P, Ahmed, M, Hossain, MAR, Barange, M and Fernandes, JA 2018 Importance of fisheries for food security across three climate change vulnerable deltas. Science of The Total Environment, 640-64. 1566-1577.

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Deltas are home to a large and growing proportion of the world's population, often living in conditions of extreme poverty. Deltaic ecosystems are ecologically significant as they support high biodiversity and a variety of fisheries, however these coastal environments are extremely vulnerable to climate change. The Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna (Bangladesh/India), the Mahanadi (India), and the Volta (Ghana) are among the most important and populous delta regions in the world and they are all considered at risk of food insecurity and climate change. The fisheries sector is vital for populations that live in the three deltas, as a source of animal protein (in Bangladesh and Ghana around 50–60% of animal protein is supplied by fish while in India this is about 12%) through subsistence fishing, as a source of employment and for the wider economy. The aquaculture sector shows a rapid growth in Bangladesh and India while in Ghana this is just starting to expand. The main exported species differ across countries with Ghana and India dominated by marine fish species, whereas Bangladesh exports shrimps and prawns. Fisheries play a more important part in the economy of Bangladesh and Ghana than for India, both men and women work in fisheries, with a higher proportion of women in the Volta then in the Asian deltas. Economic and integrated modelling using future scenarios suggest that changes in temperature and primary production could reduce fish productivity and fisheries income especially in the Volta and Bangladesh deltas, however these losses could be mitigated by reducing overfishing and improving management. The analysis provided in this paper highlights the importance of applying plans for fisheries management at regional level. Minimizing the impacts of climate change while increasing marine ecosystems resilience must be a priority for scientists and governments before these have dramatic impacts on millions of people's lives.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Additional Keywords: deltas, climate change, Bangladesh, Ghana, India, fisheries productivity, fisheries management
Subjects: Fisheries
Divisions: Plymouth Marine Laboratory > Science Areas > Marine System Modelling
Depositing User: Susan Kay
Date made live: 25 Jul 2018 08:43
Last Modified: 18 Jun 2020 01:58

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