Role of mTOR in autophagic and lysosomal reactions to environmental stressors in molluscs

Sforzini, S, Moore, MN, Oliveri, C, Volta, A, Jha, AN, Banni, M and Viarengo, A 2018 Role of mTOR in autophagic and lysosomal reactions to environmental stressors in molluscs. Aquatic Toxicology, 195. 114-128.

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Lysosomal membrane stability (LMS) has been used in various organisms as a very sensitive biomarker of stress. However, despite the abundance of data about regulation of the autophagic process in mammals, in the invertebrates there is only limited mechanistic understanding. Marine mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis Lam.) are bivalve molluscs, widely used as models in ecotoxicology and as environmental bioindicators of sea water quality. In order to elucidate this fundamental process, in the present study, mussels were exposed for 3 days to a “priority”, ubiquitous environmental contaminant, benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) at different concentrations (i.e. 5, 50, 100 μg/L seawater). B[a]P accumulated in lysosomes of digestive tubule epithelial cells (digestive cells) and in enlarged lipid-rich lysosomes (autolysosomes) as detected by immunofluorescence and UV-fluorescence. B[a]P also activated the autophagic process with a marked decrease of LMS and concurrent increase in lysosomal/cytoplasmic volume ratio. Dephosphorylation of mTOR contributes to increased lysosomal membrane permeability and induced autophagy. B[a]P induced a decrease in phosphorylated (active form) mTOR. The probable role of mTOR in cell signalling and the regulation of the cellular responses to the contaminants has been also confirmed in a field study, where there was significant inactivation of mTOR in stressed animals. Statistical and network modelling supported the empirical investigations of autophagy and mTOR; and was used to integrate the mechanistic biomarker data with chemical analysis and DNA damage.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Subjects: Pollution
Divisions: Plymouth Marine Laboratory > Other (PML)
Depositing User: Mike Moore
Date made live: 03 May 2018 08:14
Last Modified: 25 Apr 2020 09:58

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