Eikrem, W, Medlin, LK, Henderiks, J, Rokitta, S, Rost, B, Probert, I, Throndsen, J and Edvardsen, B 2016 Haptophyta. In: Archibald, JM; Simpson, AGB; Slamovits, CH; Margulis, L; Melkonian, M; Chapman, DJ; Corliss, JO, (eds.) Handbook of the Protists. Switzerland, Springer International Publishing, 1-61.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-32669-6_38-1


Haptophyta are predominantly planktonic and phototrophic organisms that have their main distribution in marine environments worldwide. They are a major component of the microbial ecosystem, some form massive blooms and some are toxic. Haptophytes are significant players in the global carbonate cycle through photosynthesis and calcification. They are characterized by the haptonema, a third appendage used for attachment and food handling, two similar flagella, two golden-brown chloroplasts, and organic body scales that serve in species identification. Coccolithophores have calcified scales termed coccoliths. Phylogenetically Haptophyta form a well-defined group and are divided into two classes Pavlovophyceae and Coccolithophyceae (Prymnesiophyceae). Currently, about 330 species are described. Environmental DNA sequencing shows high haptophyte diversity in the marine pico- and nanoplankton, of which many likely represent novel species and lineages. Haptophyte diversity is believed to have peaked in the past and their presence is documented in the fossil record back to the Triassic, approximately 225 million years ago. Some biomolecules of haptophyte origin are extraordinarily resistant to decay and are thus used by geologists as sedimentary proxies of past climatic conditions.

Item Type: Publication - Book Section
Additional Keywords: Biogeochemical cycles Coccoliths Ecology Evolution Fossil record Haptophyta Morphology Ocean acidification Phylogeny
Divisions: Marine Biological Association of the UK > Other (MBA)
Depositing User: Barbara Bultmann
Date made live: 03 Oct 2016 09:01
Last Modified: 25 Apr 2020 09:57
URI: https://plymsea.ac.uk/id/eprint/7209

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