Diversity of luciferase sequences and bioluminescence production in Baltic Sea Alexandrium ostenfeldii

Le Tortorec, AH, Tahvanainen, P, Kremp, A and Simis, SGH 2016 Diversity of luciferase sequences and bioluminescence production in Baltic Sea Alexandrium ostenfeldii. European Journal of Phycology. 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1080/09670262.2016.1160441

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09670262.2016.1160441


The toxic dinoflagellate Alexandrium ostenfeldii is the only bioluminescent bloom-forming phytoplankton in coastal waters of the Baltic Sea. We analysed partial luciferase gene (lcf) sequences and bioluminescence production in Baltic A. ostenfeldii bloom populations to assess the distribution and consistency of the trait in the Baltic Sea, and to evaluate applications for early detection of toxic blooms. Lcf was consistently present in 61 Baltic Sea A. ostenfeldii strains isolated from six separate bloom sites. All Baltic Sea strains except one produced bioluminescence. In contrast, the presence of lcf and the ability to produce bioluminescence did vary among strains from other parts of Europe. In phylogenetic analyses, lcf sequences of Baltic Sea strains clustered separately from North Sea strains, but variation between Baltic Sea strains was not sufficient to distinguish between bloom populations. Clustering of the lcf marker was similar to internal transcribed spacer (ITS) sequences with differences being minor and limited to the lowest hierarchical clusters, indicating a similar rate of evolution of the two genes. In relation to monitoring, the consistent presence of lcf and close coupling of lcf with bioluminescence suggests that bioluminescence can be used to reliably monitor toxic bloom-forming A. ostenfeldii in the Baltic Sea.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Subjects: Biology
Ecology and Environment
Divisions: Plymouth Marine Laboratory > Science Areas > Earth Observation Science and Applications
Depositing User: Dr Stefan Simis
Date made live: 22 Jun 2016 13:24
Last Modified: 25 Apr 2020 09:57
URI: https://plymsea.ac.uk/id/eprint/7042

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