The role of advection in the distribution of plankton populations at a moored 1-D coastal observatory

Cross, J, Nimmo-Smith, WAM, Hosegood, PJ and Torres, R 2015 The role of advection in the distribution of plankton populations at a moored 1-D coastal observatory. Progress in Oceanography, 137. 342-359.

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The degree to which advection modulates the distribution of plankton populations at a 1-D coastal observatory was assessed at station L4 in the western English Channel (50°15′N 4°13′W, depth 50 m), part of the Western Channel Observatory (WCO). Five tidal-cycle surveys were conducted, three in spring and two in summer 2010. Observations of the physical characteristics of L4 were obtained by using a moored acoustic doppler current profiler (ADCP) and a free-falling microstructure sensor (MSS). The moored ADCP highlighted the presence of vertical shear, with typical values of U during spring tides of ∼0.5 m s−1 at the surface and ∼0.2 m s−1 at the bed. The distribution of phyto- and zooplankton populations above a size threshold of 200 μm were examined using an in-line holographic imaging system, the Holocam. Variability in time as well as depth is a common feature throughout each of the surveys, with examples of recorded numbers of phytoplankton that ranged between 1300 L−1 and 2300 L−1 at the same depth but at different points within the tidal cycle. Further, at the same points in the tidal cycle the number of recorded zooplankton was also seen to vary, specifically with the identification of gelatinous planula in spring that increased the observed number to maximums of between 140 L−1 and 220 L−1 in the upper layer, considerably higher that the corresponding WP-2 net counts for a similar period. Specific aspects of the movement and transfer of plankton relating to advection and interaction with the pycnocline are identified, both across tidal cycles and seasons.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Subjects: Biology
Divisions: Plymouth Marine Laboratory > Science Areas > Marine System Modelling
Depositing User: Ricardo Torres
Date made live: 29 Mar 2016 10:56
Last Modified: 13 Dec 2023 12:21

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