Ecological Investigations with the Continuous Plankton Recorder: The Copepoda of the Southern North Sea. 1932-37.

Rae, KM and Fraser, JH 1942 Ecological Investigations with the Continuous Plankton Recorder: The Copepoda of the Southern North Sea. 1932-37.. Hull Bulletins of Marine Ecology, 1 (4). 171-238.


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I. The monthly changes in the distribution and abundance of the Copepoda in the southern North Sea have been investigated from June 1932 to December 1937 by using the Continuous Plankton Recorder. This was towed at a standard depth of 10 metres by ships sailing on regular lines from Hull to Rotterdam, to Bremen and towards the Skagerrak, and later from London to Esbjerg. 2. The methods are described and those limitations which apply more particularly to the Copepoda are discussed (pp. 175 to 186 and 198 to 203). 3. The first part of the report deals with the Copepoda as a whole, i.e. the total population. The difference between the summer and winter distributions is stressed. The variations in numbers from year to year are found to be considerable and it is suggested that they are sufficiently large to be reflected in the success or failure of the broods of those fish which are at some period of their development dependent upon the Copepoda for food. 4. The second part deals with the data concerning the constituent species or groups of allied species ; a list of these is given on p. 197. 5. The group Paracalanus + Pseudocalanus was by far the most abundant and together with the genera Temora and Acartia was found to be responsible for most of the fluctuations in the population (pp. 205 to 208). 6. The distributions, seasonal and spatial, of the other common forms are described, with the exception of that of Oalantts finmarchicus which is to be the subject of a later report. 7. The recorder results are compared with the findings of the International Council survey from 1902 to 1908; some marked disagreements are discussed (pp. 227 to 232). 8. The appearance of the northern forms Oandacia armata and Metridia lucens during the winters of 1932-33, 1933-34 and 1937 are recorded (pp. 222 to 223) 9. A summarised account of the main seasonal changes in the area is given (pp. 232 to 234) and followed by a brief comparison of the 5½ years investigated.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Additional Keywords: BME Digitisation
Subjects: Biology
Marine Sciences
Divisions: Sir Alister Hardy Foundation for Ocean Science > Marine Biodiversity (expired)
Depositing User: Clare Marshall
Date made live: 20 Nov 2014 16:07
Last Modified: 06 Jun 2017 16:12

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