The importance of zooplankton in reducing levels of atmospheric CO sub(2) via the biological pump

Reid, PC. 2007 The importance of zooplankton in reducing levels of atmospheric CO sub(2) via the biological pump. UNSPECIFIED.

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Zooplankton play a key role in climate change through the transfer of large quantities of CO sub(2) to the deep ocean by a process known as the biological pump. Plankton composition is crucial as associated mineral material facilitates sinking of carbon rich debris and some taxa package faecal and detrital material. Ocean acidification may impact calcareous groups. Zooplankton have also been shown to be highly sensitive indicators of environmental change. Results will be presented to show that ocean temperature, circulation and planktonic ecosystems (using data from the Continuous Plankton Recorder, CPR survey) in the North Atlantic are changing rapidly in concert and that there is evidence to suggest that the changes are an ocean wide response to global warming with potential feedback effects. Given the importance of the oceans to the carbon cycle, even a minor change in the flux of carbon to the deep ocean would have a big impact increasing growth of atmospheric CO sub(2). We have virtually no understanding of the spatial and temporal variability in the efficiency of the biological pump for most of the world's ocean. Establishing new plankton monitoring programmes backed up by appropriate research to help understand processes is needed to address this gap in knowledge. There is little doubt within a global change context and the future of mankind that a potential acceleration in the growth of atmospheric carbon due to a reduction in the efficiency of the biological pump is a key issue for future research in zooplankton ecology.

Item Type: Publication - Book
Additional Information. Not used in RCUK Gateway to Research.: Human and Climate Forcing of Zooplankton Populations. p. 77. 2007. 4. Int. Zooplankton Production Symp., Hiroshima (Japan), 28 May-1 Jun 2007 Book Monograph; Conference; Summary
Additional Keywords: Article Subject Terms: Indexing in process
Depositing User: Miss Gemma Brice
Date made live: 26 Mar 2014 14:09
Last Modified: 06 Mar 2017 17:57

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