Characterization of the chlorosome antenna of the filamentous anoxygenic phototrophic bacterium Chloronema sp strain UdG9001

Gich, F, Airs, RL, Danielsen, M, Keely, BJ, Abella, CA, Garcia-Gil, J, Miller, M and Borrego, CM 2003 Characterization of the chlorosome antenna of the filamentous anoxygenic phototrophic bacterium Chloronema sp strain UdG9001. Archives of Microbiology, 180 (6). 417 - 426.

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The absorption and fluorescence properties of chlorosomes of the filamentous anoxygenic phototrophic bacterium Chloronema sp. strain UdG9001 were analyzed. The chlorosome antenna of Chloronema consists of bacteriochlorophyll (BChl) d and BChl c together with γ-carotene as the main carotenoid. HPLC analysis combined with APCI LC-MS/MS showed that the chlorosomal BChls comprise a highly diverse array of homologues that differ in both the degree of alkylation of the macrocycle at C-8 and/or C-12 and the alcohol moiety esterified to the propionic acid group at C-17. BChl c and BChl d from Chloronema were mainly esterified with geranylgeraniol (33% of the total), heptadecanol (24%), octadecenol (19%), octadecanol (14%), and hexadecenol (9%). Despite this pigment heterogeneity, fluorescence emission of the chlorosomes showed a single peak centered at 765 nm upon excitation at wavelengths ranging from 710 to 740 nm. This single emission, assigned to BChl c, indicates an energy transfer from BChl d to BChl c within the same chlorosome. Likewise, incubation of chlorosomes under reducing conditions caused a weak increase in fluorescence emission, which indicates a small redox-dependent fluorescence. Finally, protein analysis of Chloronema chlorosomes using SDS-PAGE and MALDI-TOF-MS revealed the presence of a chlorosomal polypeptide with a molecular mass of 5.7 kDa, resembling the CsmA protein found in Chloroflexus aurantiacus and Chlorobium tepidum chlorosomes. Several minor polypeptides were also detected but not identified. These results indicate that, compared with other members of filamentous anoxygenic phototrophic bacteria and green sulfur bacteria, Chloronema possesses an antenna system with novel features that may be of interest for further investigations.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Additional Keywords: Antenna pigments – Bacteriochlorophyll homologues – Chloronema – Chlorosomes – Filamentous anoxygenic phototrophic bacteria – Green sulfur bacteria
Subjects: Marine Sciences
Divisions: Plymouth Marine Laboratory > Other (PML)
Depositing User: EPrints Services
Date made live: 11 Feb 2014 15:56
Last Modified: 06 Jun 2017 16:05

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