A Possible Relationship Between Chitinozoa And Tintinnids

Reid, PC and John, AWG 1981 A Possible Relationship Between Chitinozoa And Tintinnids. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 34 (2). 251 - 262. https://doi.org/10.1016/0034-6667(81)90043-9

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0034-6667(81)90043-9


The biological affinity of the extinct microfossil order chitinozoa has been the source of much discussion in the fifty years since they were first discovered. Within this period these flask-shaped, organic-walled organisms have been variously attributed to rhizopods, flagellates, tintinnids, chrysomonads, metazoan eggs, dinoflagellates, and fungi. Most of these suggested relationships were made before it was recognised that chitinozoans were encapsulated and must therefore be resting cysts or eggs and not active individuals. There are no living organisms which combine all the characteristics of the chitinozoa. Of all the possibilities, a grouping of flask-shaped cysts which have been found in present-day marine plankton and sediment comes closest to characterising the morphology of chitinozoa. This grouping of flask-shaped cysts includes forms which have been found within tintinnid loricae. Another modern cyst type Pacillina arctica, which is believed to be a ciliate cyst, comes close to replicating the morphology of the chitinozoan genus Hoegisphaera. This paper discusses the structure of tintinnid, other flask-shaped cysts and Pacillina arctica in relation to chitinozoan morphology, drawing attention to similarities and differences. The occurrence and distribution of these cyst forms in present-day plankton is also described and interpreted.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Divisions: Plymouth Marine Laboratory > Other (PML)
Depositing User: EPrints Services
Date made live: 11 Feb 2014 15:54
Last Modified: 06 Jun 2017 16:03
URI: https://plymsea.ac.uk/id/eprint/2777

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