Impacts of fisheries on plankton community structure

Reid, PC, Battle, EJV, Batten, SD and Brander, K 2000 Impacts of fisheries on plankton community structure. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 57 (3). 495-502.

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There has been much debate on the extent to which resource availability (bottom-up) versus predation pressure from fish (top-down) modulates the dynamics of plankton in marine systems. Physico/chemical bottom-up forcing has been considered to be the main mechanism structuring marine ecosystems, although some field observations and empirical correlations support top-down modulation. Models have indicated possible feedback loops to the plankton and other studies have interpreted a grazing impact from long-term changes in fish stocks. In freshwater systems, evidence for top-down forcing by fish and trophic cascading is well documented. First, evidence for equivalent top-down effects in the marine environment is presented, with an overview of relevant publications. In the second part, time series, averaged for the North Sea (when possible from 1948 to 1997), of fish catch, recruitment, and spawning stock biomass are related to the abundance of species or larger groupings of zooplankton and phytoplankton from the Continuous Plankton Recorder survey and selected environmental parameters. Preliminary analysis suggests that there is strong interaction between different fish species and the plankton and that the fishery, through top-down control, may at times be an important contributor to changes in the North Sea ecosystem.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Additional Keywords: Marine fisheries Man-induced effects Environmental impact Ecosystem disturbance Trophic structure Food chains Grazing Marine fish Biomass Community composition Plankton Predator prey interactions Biotic factors North Sea
Divisions: Sir Alister Hardy Foundation for Ocean Science > Other (SAHFOS) (expired)
Depositing User: EPrints Services
Date made live: 05 Oct 2006
Last Modified: 25 Apr 2020 09:56

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