Radiometric assessment of OLCI, VIIRS, and MODIS using fiducial reference measurements along the Atlantic Meridional Transect

Pardo, S, Tilstone, GH, Brewin, RJW, Dall'Olmo, G, Lin, J, Nencioli, F, Evers-King, H, Casal, TGD and Donlon, CJ 2023 Radiometric assessment of OLCI, VIIRS, and MODIS using fiducial reference measurements along the Atlantic Meridional Transect. Remote Sensing of Environment, 299. 113844.

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High quality independent ground measurements that are traceable to metrology standards, with a full uncertainty budget, are required for validation over the lifetime of ocean-colour satellite missions. In this paper, we used radiometric Fiducial Reference Measurements (FRM) collected during four Atlantic Meridional Transect (AMT) field campaigns from 2016 to 2019 to assess the performance of radiometric products from the Ocean and Land Colour Instrument (OLCI) aboard Sentinel-3A (S-3A) and 3B (S‐3B), the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer instrument aboard Aqua (MODIS-Aqua), and the Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite instrument aboard Suomi NPP and NOAA-20 (Suomi-VIIRS and NOAA-20 VIIRS). The AMT provides one of the few sampling platforms that make high-quality in situ radiometric measurements in oligotrophic, low chlorophyll-a oceanic waters for ocean colour satellite validation. In situ data were acquired and processed following established FRM protocols, calibrated to metrology standards, referenced to inter-comparison exercises and with a full uncertainty budget. From these we selected an uncertainty threshold, which we used as part of a matchup procedure that takes into account the temporal and spatial variability of both the in situ and satellite data. Three atmospheric correction models were compared for S-3A and S‐3B OLCI radiometric products; the standard OLCI IPF-OL-2, POLYMER and NASA SeaDAS l2gen. Based on the round-robin comparison, POLYMER provided the best performance in the retrieval of water-leaving radiances. The analysis showed that Suomi-VIIRS and MODIS-Aqua performed better than NOAA-20 VIIRS, and comparably with S‐3B OLCI standard products. The S-3A OLCI standard product outperformed the NASA products. The S-3A OLCI and S‐3B OLCI instruments were also compared during their tandem phase, which showed that S‐3B OLCI radiances were systematically higher than S-3A OLCI across the spectrum.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Additional Keywords: Sentinel-3OLCIValidationAtmospheric correctionAtlantic Ocean MODIS VIIRS Sentinel-3A and 3B tandem phase Water leaving radiance Ocean colour
Divisions: Plymouth Marine Laboratory > Science Areas > Earth Observation Science and Applications
Depositing User: S Hawkins
Date made live: 07 Dec 2023 10:21
Last Modified: 07 Dec 2023 10:21

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