Gephyrocapsa huxleyi (Emiliania huxleyi) as a model system for coccolithophore biology

Wheeler, GL, Sturm, D and Langer, G 2023 Gephyrocapsa huxleyi (Emiliania huxleyi) as a model system for coccolithophore biology. Journal of Phycology.

Journal of Phycology - 2023 - Wheeler - Gephyrocapsa huxleyi Emiliania huxleyi as a model system for coccolithophore.pdf
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Coccolithophores are the most abundant calcifying organisms in modern oceans and are important primary producers in many marine ecosystems. Their ability to generate a cellular covering of calcium carbonate plates (coccoliths) plays a major role in marine biogeochemistry and the global carbon cycle. Coccolithophores also play an important role in sulfur cycling through the production of the climate-active gas dimethyl sulfide. The primary model organism for coccolithophore research is Emiliania huxleyi, now named Gephyrocapsa huxleyi. G. huxleyi has a cosmopolitan distribution, occupying coastal and oceanic environments across the globe, and is the most abundant coccolithophore in modern oceans. Research in G. huxleyi has identified many aspects of coccolithophore biology, from cell biology to ecological interactions. In this perspective, we summarize the key advances made using G. huxleyi and examine the emerging tools for research in this model organism. We discuss the key steps that need to be taken by the research community to advance G. huxleyi as a model organism and the suitability of other species as models for specific aspects of coccolithophore biology.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Additional Keywords: algae, model, ocean acidification, phytoplankton
Subjects: Marine Sciences
Divisions: Marine Biological Association of the UK > Other (MBA)
Marine Biological Association of the UK > Marine Microbiome
Depositing User: Ms Kristina Hixon
Date made live: 24 Nov 2023 15:05
Last Modified: 09 Feb 2024 17:07

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