Phosphorus dynamics in the Barents Sea

Downes, P; Goult, S; Woodward, EMS; Widdicombe, CE; Tait, K; Dixon, JL. 2020 Phosphorus dynamics in the Barents Sea [in special issue: Biogeochemistry and Ecology across Arctic Aquatic Ecosystems in the Face of Change] Limnology and Oceanography, lno.11602. 1-17. https://doi.org/10.1002/lno.11602

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Abstract/Summary

The Barents Sea is considered a warming hotspot in the Arctic; elevated sea surface temperatures have been accompanied with increased inflow of Atlantic water onto the shelf sea. Such hydrodynamic changes and a concomitant reduction of sea ice coverage enables a prolonged phytoplankton growing season, which will inevitably affect nutrient stoichiometry and the controls on primary production. During the summer of 2018, we investigated the role of phosphorus in mediating primary production in the Barents Sea. Dissolved inorganic phosphorus (DIP), its most bioavailable form, had an average net turnover time of 9.4�4.8 d. The most southern Atlantic influenced station accounted for both the highest rates of primary production (655 mg C m2 d−1) and shortest net DIP turnover (2.8�0.5 d). The fraction of assimilated DIP released as dissolved organic phosphorus (DOP) at this station was < 4% compared to an average of 21% at all other stations. We observed significant differences between phytoplankton communities in Arctic and Atlantic waters within the Barents Sea. Slower DIP turnover and greater release of DOP was associated with Phaeocystis pouchetii dominated communities in Arctic waters. Faster turnover rates and greater phosphorus retention occurred among the Atlantic phytoplankton communities dominated by Emiliania huxleyi. Thesefindings provide baseline measurements of P utilization in the Barents Sea, and suggest increased Atlantic intrusion of this region could be accompanied by more rapid DIP turnover, possibly leading to future P limitation (rather than N limitation) on primary production

Item Type: Publication - Article
Additional Keywords: Phosphorus, primary production, Barents Sea, Arctic,
Subjects: Biology
Chemistry
Earth Observation - Remote Sensing
Ecology and Environment
Marine Sciences
Oceanography
Divisions: Plymouth Marine Laboratory > Science Areas > Marine Biochemistry and Observations
Depositing User: Jo Dixon
Date made live: 22 Oct 2020 12:36
Last Modified: 22 Oct 2020 12:36
URI: http://plymsea.ac.uk/id/eprint/9064

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