Evolving paradigms in biological carbon cycling in the ocean

Zhang, C; Dang, H; Azam, F; Benner, R; Legendre, L; Passow, U; Polimene, L; Robinson, C; Suttle, CA; Jiao, N. 2018 Evolving paradigms in biological carbon cycling in the ocean. National Science Review, 5 (4). 481-499. https://doi.org/10.1093/nsr/nwy074

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1093/nsr/nwy074

Abstract/Summary

Carbon is a keystone element in global biogeochemical cycles. It plays a fundamental role in biotic and abiotic processes in the ocean, which intertwine to mediate the chemistry and redox status of carbon in the ocean and the atmosphere. The interactions between abiotic and biogenic carbon (e.g. CO2, CaCO3, organic matter) in the ocean are complex, and there is a half-century-old enigma about the existence of a huge reservoir of recalcitrant dissolved organic carbon (RDOC) that equates to the magnitude of the pool of atmospheric CO2. The concepts of the biological carbon pump (BCP) and the microbial loop (ML) shaped our understanding of the marine carbon cycle. The more recent concept of the microbial carbon pump (MCP), which is closely connected to those of the BCP and the ML, explicitly considers the significance of the ocean's RDOC reservoir and provides a mechanistic framework for the exploration of its formation and persistence. Understanding of the MCP has benefited from advanced ‘omics’ and novel research in biological oceanography and microbial biogeochemistry. The need to predict the ocean's response to climate change makes an integrative understanding of the BCP, ML and MCP a high priority. In this review, we summarize and discuss progress since the proposal of the MCP in 2010 and formulate research questions for the future.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Additional Information. Not used in RCUK Gateway to Research.: This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced version of an article accepted for publication in National Science Review following peer review. The version of record Chuanlun Zhang, Hongyue Dang, Farooq Azam, Ronald Benner, Louis Legendre, Uta Passow, Luca Polimene, Carol Robinson, Curtis A Suttle, Nianzhi Jiao; Evolving paradigms in biological carbon cycling in the ocean, National Science Review, Volume 5, Issue 4, 1 July 2018, Pages 481–499 is available online at: https://doi.org/10.1093/nsr/nwy074.
Divisions: Plymouth Marine Laboratory > National Capability categories > Modelling
Plymouth Marine Laboratory > Science Areas > Marine Ecosystem Models and Predictions
Depositing User: Kim Hockley
Date made live: 10 Oct 2018 11:05
Last Modified: 13 Jul 2019 01:58
URI: http://plymsea.ac.uk/id/eprint/8021

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