Radiometric validation of atmospheric correction for MERIS in the Baltic Sea based on continuous observations from ships and AERONET-OC

Qin, P; Simis, SGH; Tilstone, GH. 2017 Radiometric validation of atmospheric correction for MERIS in the Baltic Sea based on continuous observations from ships and AERONET-OC. Remote Sensing of Environment, 200. 263-280. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2017.08.024

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Abstract/Summary

The Baltic Sea is a semi-enclosed sea that is optically dominated by coloured dissolved organic material (CDOM) and has relatively low sun elevation which makes accurate ocean colour remote sensing challenging in these waters. The high absorption, low scattering properties of the Baltic Sea are representative of other optically similar water bodies including the Arctic Ocean, Black Sea, coastal regions adjacent to the CDOM-rich estuaries such as the Amazon, and highly absorbing lakes where radiometric validation is essential in order to develop accurate remote sensing algorithms. Previous studies in this region mainly focused on the validation and improvementofstandardChlorophyll-a (Chla)andattenuation coefficient(kd)ocean colourproducts.Theprimary input to derive these is the water-leaving radiance (Lw) or remote sensing reflectance (Rrs) and it is therefore fundamental toobtainthemostaccurate Lw orRrs beforederivinghigherlevelproducts.Tothisend,theretrieval accuracy of Rrs from Medium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MERIS) imagery using six atmospheric correction processors was assessed through above-water measurements at two sites of the Aerosol Robotic Network for Ocean Colour (AERONET-OC; 363 measurements) and a shipborne autonomous platform from which the highest number of measurements were obtained (4986 measurements). The six processors tested were the CoastColour processor (CC), the Case 2 Regional processor for lakes (C2R-Lakes), the Case 2 Regional CoastColour processor (C2R-CC), the FUB/WeW water processor (FUB), the MERIS ground segment processor (MEGS) andPOLYMER. Allprocessorsexceptfor CChadsmallaverage absolutepercentage differences(ψ)inthe wavelength rangefrom 490 nmto 709 nm(ψ < 40%), while otherbands hadlarger differences with ψ > 60%. Compared to in situ values, the Rrs(709)/Rrs(665) band ratio had ψ < 30% for all processors. The most accurate Rrs in the 490 to 709 nm domain was obtained from POLYMER with ψ < 30% and coefficients of determination (R2) > 0.6. Using a score system based on all statistical tests, POLYMER scored highest, while C2R-CC, C2RLakesandFUBhadlowerscores.ThisstudyrepresentsthelargestdatabaseofinsituRrs,themostcomprehensive analysis of AC models for highly absorbing waters and for MERIS, conducted to date. The results have implications for the new generation of Copernicus Sentinel ocean colour satellites.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Subjects: Earth Observation - Remote Sensing
Oceanography
Technology
Divisions: Plymouth Marine Laboratory > Science Areas > Earth Observation Science and Applications
Plymouth Marine Laboratory > Science Areas > Sea from Space (expired)
Depositing User: Gavin Tilstone
Date made live: 30 Aug 2017 15:15
Last Modified: 16 May 2019 14:39
URI: http://plymsea.ac.uk/id/eprint/7505

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