Implementing and innovating marine monitoring approaches for assessing marine environmental status

Danovaro, R; Carugati, L; Berzano, M; Cahill, AE; Carvalho, S; Chenuil, A; Corinaldesi, C; Cristina, S; Davidson, R; Dell'Anno, A; Dzhembekova, N; Garces, E; Gasol, JM; Goela, P; Feral, J-P; Ferrera, I; Forster, RM; Kurekin, A; Rastelli, E; Marinova, V; Miller, PI; Moncheva, S; Newton, A; Pearman, JK; Pitois, SG; Reñé, A; Rodriguez-Ezpeleta, N; Saggiomo, V; Simis, SGH; Stefanova, K; Wilson, C; Lo Martire, M; Greco, S; Cochrane, SKJ; Mangoni, O; Borja, A. 2016 Implementing and innovating marine monitoring approaches for assessing marine environmental status [in special issue: Bridging the Gap Between Policy and Science in Assessing the Health Status of Marine Ecosystems] Frontiers in Marine Science, 3, 213. 10.3389/fmars.2016.00213

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Official URL: http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fma...

Abstract/Summary

Marine environmental monitoring has tended to focus on site-specific methods of investigation. These traditional methods have low spatial and temporal resolution and are relatively labour intensive per unit area/time that they cover. To implement the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD), European Member States are required to improve marine monitoring and design monitoring networks. This can be achieved by developing and testing innovative and cost-effective monitoring systems, as well as indicators of environmental status. Here, we present several recently developed methodologies and technologies to improve marine biodiversity indicators and monitoring methods. The innovative tools are discussed concerning the technologies presently utilized as well as the advantages and disadvantages of their use in routine monitoring. In particular, the present analysis focuses on: (i) molecular approaches, including microarray, Real Time quantitative PCR (qPCR), and metagenetic (metabarcoding) tools; (ii) optical (remote) sensing and acoustic methods; and (iii) in situ monitoring instruments. We also discuss their applications in marine monitoring within the MSFD through the analysis of case studies in order to evaluate their potential utilization in future routine marine monitoring. We show that these recently-developed technologies can present clear advantages in accuracy, efficiency and cost.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Subjects: Earth Observation - Remote Sensing
Ecology and Environment
Oceanography
Policies
Divisions: Plymouth Marine Laboratory > Science Areas > Earth Observation Science and Applications
Depositing User: Dr Peter I Miller
Date made live: 24 Nov 2016 11:41
Last Modified: 06 Jun 2017 16:17
URI: http://plymsea.ac.uk/id/eprint/7299

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