Vertical fluxes and atmospheric cycling of methanol, acetaldehyde, and acetone in a coastal environment

Yang, M; Beale, R; Smyth, TJ; Blomquist, BW. 2013 Vertical fluxes and atmospheric cycling of methanol, acetaldehyde, and acetone in a coastal environment. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions, 13 (3). 8101-8152. 10.5194/acpd-13-8101-2013

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/acpd-13-8101-2013

Abstract/Summary

We present here vertical fluxes of methanol, acetaldehyde, and acetone measured directly with eddy covariance (EC) during March to July 2012 near the southwest coast of the UK. The performance of the proton-transfer reaction mass spectrometer (PTR-MS) for flux measurement is characterized, with additional considerations given to the homogeneity and stationarity assumptions required by EC. Concentrations and fluxes of these compounds vary significantly with time of day and wind direction. Higher values of acetaldehyde and acetone are usually observed in the daytime and from the direction of a forested park, most likely due to light-driven emissions from terrestrial plants. Methanol concentration and flux do not demonstrate clear diel variability, suggesting sources in addition to plants. We estimate air–sea exchange and photochemical rates of these compounds, which are compared to measured vertical fluxes. For acetaldehyde, the mean (1�) concentration of 0.13 (0.02) ppb at night may be maintained by oceanic emission, while photochemical destruction outpaces production during the day. Air-sea exchange and photochemistry are probably net sinks of methanol and acetone in this region. Their nighttime concentrations of 0.46 (0.20) and 0.39 (0.08) ppb appear to be affected more by terrestrial emissions and long distance transport, respectively.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Subjects: Ecology and Environment
Marine Sciences
Divisions: Plymouth Marine Laboratory > Science Areas > Marine Biochemistry and Observations
Depositing User: Tim Smyth
Date made live: 05 Feb 2016 15:48
Last Modified: 06 Jun 2017 16:15
URI: http://plymsea.ac.uk/id/eprint/6812

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