Regional ocean-colour chlorophyll algorithms for the Red Sea

Brewin, RJW; Raitsos, DE; Dall'Olmo, GD; Zarokanellos, N; Jackson, T; Racault, M-FLP; Boss, ES; Sathyendranath, S; Jones, BH; Hoteit, I. 2015 Regional ocean-colour chlorophyll algorithms for the Red Sea. Remote Sensing of Environment, 165. 64-85. 10.1016/j.rse.2015.04.024

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Abstract/Summary

The Red Sea is a semi-enclosed tropical marine ecosystem that stretches from the Gulf of Suez and Gulf of Aqaba in the north, to the Gulf of Aden in the south. Despite its ecological and economic importance, its biological environment is relatively unexplored. Satellite ocean-colour estimates of chlorophyll concentration (an index of phytoplankton biomass) offer an observational platform to monitor the health of the Red Sea. However, little is known about the optical properties of the region. In this paper, we investigate the optical properties of the Red Sea in the context of satellite ocean-colour estimates of chlorophyll concentration. Making use of a new merged ocean-colour product, from the European Space Agency (ESA) Climate Change Initiative, and in situ data in the region, we test the performance of a series of ocean-colour chlorophyll algorithms. We find that standard algorithms systematically overestimate chlorophyll when compared with the in situ data. To investigate this bias we develop an ocean-colour model for the Red Sea, parameterised to data collected during the Tara Oceans expedition, that estimates remote-sensing reflectance as a function of chlorophyll concentration. We used the Red Sea model to tune the standard chlorophyll algorithms and the overestimation in chlorophyll originally observed was corrected. Results suggest that the overestimation was likely due to an excess of CDOM absorption per unit chlorophyll in the Red Sea when compared with average global conditions. However, we recognise that additional information is required to test the influence of other potential sources of the overestimation, such as aeolian dust, and we discuss uncertainties in the datasets used. We present a series of regional chlorophyll algorithms for the Red Sea, designed for a suite of ocean-colour sensors, that may be used for further testing.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Subjects: Biology
Earth Observation - Remote Sensing
Ecology and Environment
Marine Sciences
Oceanography
Divisions: Plymouth Marine Laboratory > Science Areas > Earth Observation Science and Applications
Depositing User: Robert Brewin
Date made live: 27 May 2015 10:54
Last Modified: 06 Jun 2017 16:13
URI: http://plymsea.ac.uk/id/eprint/6387

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