Microbial uptake dynamics of choline and glycine betaine in coastal seawater

Mausz, MA; Airs, RL; Dixon, JL; Widdicombe, CE; Tarran, GA; Polimene, L; Dashfield, SL; Beale, R; Scanlan, DJ; Chen, Y. 2022 Microbial uptake dynamics of choline and glycine betaine in coastal seawater. Limnology and Oceanography, 67 (5). 1052-1064. https://doi.org/10.1002/lno.12056

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lno.12056

Abstract/Summary

Choline and glycine betaine (GBT) are utilized as osmolytes to counteract osmotic stress, but also consti�tute important nutrient sources for many marine microbes. Bacterial catabolism of these substrates can then lead to the production of climate active trace gases such as methylamine and methane. Using radiotracers, we investigated prokaryotic choline/GBT uptake and determined biotic and abiotic factors driving these pro�cesses in the Western English Channel, UK. Kinetic uptake parameters indicated high affinity (nM range) for both osmolytes and showed a seasonal pattern for choline uptake. Generalized linear modeling of uptake parameters suggested a significant influence of sea surface temperature and salinity on prokaryotic uptake of both osmolytes. The presence of diatoms significantly influenced prokaryotic choline/GBT uptake dynam�ics. Choline uptake was further related to the occurrence of Phaeocystis spp., which were highly abundant in the phytoplankton community during spring, and dinoflagellates abundance during summer. While Rhodo�bacteraceae were the most important bacterial drivers for prokaryotic choline uptake, prokaryotic GBT uptake was associated with various groups such as SAR11 (Pelagibacterales) and Gammaproteobacteria, suggesting a wider capacity for GBT catabolism than previously recognized. Furthermore, using a newly developed approach we determined the first available data for dissolved GBT concentrations in seawater and found both osmolytes to be at the sub-nanomolar range. Together, this study improves our understanding of the biogeochemical cycling of these environmentally important osmolytes and highlights how their cycles may be affected by a changing climate.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Additional Information. Not used in RCUK Gateway to Research.: Correspondence: m.mausz@warwick.ac.uk, y.chen25@warwick.ac.uk
Divisions: Plymouth Marine Laboratory > National Capability categories > Western Channel Observatory
Plymouth Marine Laboratory > Science Areas > Marine Biochemistry and Observations
Depositing User: S Hawkins
Date made live: 05 Sep 2022 10:47
Last Modified: 05 Sep 2022 10:47
URI: http://plymsea.ac.uk/id/eprint/9789

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