Isolation and identification of a pathogenic bacterium, Exiguobacterium oxidotolerans XP-2, from the abnormal diseased mature sporophytes of a commercially cultivated brown seaweed Saccharina japonica

Ahmad, R; Chen, Y; Zhuang, Y; Qiu, Q; Chen, D; Saha, M; Wu, H; Wang, G. 2021 Isolation and identification of a pathogenic bacterium, Exiguobacterium oxidotolerans XP-2, from the abnormal diseased mature sporophytes of a commercially cultivated brown seaweed Saccharina japonica. Journal of Applied Phycology, 33 (5). 3239-3249. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10811-021-02499-9

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10811-021-02499-9

Abstract/Summary

Diseases of the commercially cultivated brown seaweed Saccharina japonica have been noticed since the 1960s in China. However, the usually opportunistic nature of the pathogenic bacteria of seaweeds is still a main obstacle for isolating and identifying pathogenic bacteria responsible for causing diseases of the cultivated S. japonica. In this study, a Gram-positive bacterium XP-2 was isolated from the abnormal diseased mature sporophytes of S. japonica. Pathogenicity test indicated that XP-2 could cause green-rotten disease in healthy juvenile sporophytes and significant algal ultrastructural changes were observed after S. japonica was infected by XP-2. The cells shrank, and the thylakoids of the chloroplasts became blurred after 12 h of re-infection. At 24 h slight deformation was observed in the structure of the mitochondria, chloroplasts, and nucleus. There also were many vacuoles in the infected cells. After 31 h of re-infection, mitochondrial structure and thylakoids became more indistinct. SEM and TEM observations indicated that XP-2 was rod-shaped with no fagella. Analysis of the full length 16S rRNA gene sequence and physiological and chemical characteristics indicated that XP-2 was closely related to Exiguobacterium oxidotolerans 12280 T. Based on these results, XP-2 was designated Exiguobacterium oxidotolerans XP-2. The pathogenicity of E. oxidotolerans XP-2 was identified by Koch’s Postulate under laboratory conditions. These results enrich the growing list of pathogenic bacteria in commercially cultivated seaweeds and also provide a foundation for investigating the virulence mechanisms of pathogenic bacteria of commercially cultivated seaweeds in the near future.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Additional Keywords: s Abnormal disease · Exiguobacterium oxidotolerans XP-2 · Green-rotten disease · Pathogenic bacteria · Saccharina japonica
Divisions: Plymouth Marine Laboratory > Science Areas > Marine Ecology and Biodiversity
Depositing User: S Hawkins
Date made live: 23 Dec 2021 10:06
Last Modified: 23 Dec 2021 10:06
URI: http://plymsea.ac.uk/id/eprint/9494

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