Cross-Host Protection of Marine Bacteria Against Macroalgal Disease

Li, J; Weinberger, F; Saha, M; Majzoub, ME; Egan, S. 2021 Cross-Host Protection of Marine Bacteria Against Macroalgal Disease. Microbial Ecology. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00248-021-01909-2

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00248-021-01909-2

Abstract/Summary

Despite an increasing awareness of disease impacts on both cultivated and native seaweed populations, the development of marine probiotics has been limited and predominately focused on farmed animals. Bleaching (loss of thallus pigmentation) is one of the most prevalent diseases observed in marine macroalgae. Endemic probiotic bacteria have been characterized to prevent bleaching disease in red macroalgae Agarophyton vermiculophyllum and Delisea pulchra; however, the extent to which probiotic strains provide cross-protection to non-endemic hosts and the infuence of native microbiota remain unknown. Using A. vermiculophyllum as a model, we demonstrate that co-inoculation with the pathogen Pseudoalteromonas arctica G-MAN6 and D. pulchra probiotic strain Phaeobacter sp. BS52 or Pseudoalteromonas sp. PB2-1 reduced the disease risks compared to the pathogen only treatment. Moreover, non-endemic probiotics outperformed the endemic probiotic strain Ralstonia sp. G-NY6 in the presence of the host natural microbiota. This study highlights how the native microbiota can impact the effectiveness of marine probiotics and illustrates the potential of harnessing probiotics that can function across different hosts to mitigate the impact of emerging marine diseases.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Additional Keywords: Agarophyton vermiculophyllum · Bleaching mitigation · Gracilaria vermiculophylla · Probiotics · Seaweed disease · Delisea pulchra
Divisions: Plymouth Marine Laboratory > Science Areas > Marine Ecology and Biodiversity
Depositing User: S Hawkins
Date made live: 23 Dec 2021 09:58
Last Modified: 23 Dec 2021 09:58
URI: http://plymsea.ac.uk/id/eprint/9493

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