Impacts of ocean warming on kelp forest ecosystems

Smale, DA. 2019 Impacts of ocean warming on kelp forest ecosystems. New Phytologist, 225 (4). 1447-1454. https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.16107

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Abstract/Summary

Kelp forests represent some of the most diverse and productive habitats on Earth, and provide a range of ecosystem goods and services on which human populations depend. As the distribution and ecophysiology of kelp species is strongly influenced by temperature, recent warming trends in many regions have been linked with concurrent changes in kelp populations, communities and ecosystems. Over the past decade, the number of reports of ocean warming impacts on kelp forests has risen sharply. Here, I synthesise recent studies to highlight general patterns and trends. While kelp responses to climate change vary greatly between ocean basins, regions and species, there is compelling evidence to show that ocean warming poses an unequivocal threat to the persistence and integrity of kelp forest ecosystems in coming decades.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Additional Keywords: climate change, coastal ecosystems, ecosystem services, kelp forests, ocean warming, seaweed habitats
Subjects: Marine Sciences
Divisions: Marine Biological Association of the UK > Ecosystems and Environmental Change > Global environmental change and marine ecosystems
Depositing User: Emily Smart
Date made live: 08 Oct 2021 14:50
Last Modified: 08 Oct 2021 14:50
URI: http://plymsea.ac.uk/id/eprint/9417

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