Evidence for different thermal ecotypes in range centre and trailing edge kelp populations

King, NG; McKeown, NJ; Smale, DA; Wilcockson, DC; Hoelters, L; Groves, EA; Stamp, T.E.; Moore, PJ. 2019 Evidence for different thermal ecotypes in range centre and trailing edge kelp populations. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 514-51. 10-17. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2019.03.004

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Abstract/Summary

Determining and predicting species' responses to climate change is a fundamental goal of contemporary ecology. When interpreting responses to warming species are often treated as a single physiological unit with a single species-wide thermal niche. This assumes that trailing edge populations are most vulnerable to warming, as it is here where a species' thermal niche will be exceeded first. Local adaptation can, however, result in narrower thermal tolerance limits for local populations, so that similar relative increases in temperature can exceed local niches throughout a species range. We used a combination of common garden temperature heat-shock experiments (8–32 °C) and population genetics (microsatellites) to identify thermal ecotypes of northeast Atlantic range centre and trailing edge populations of the habitat-forming kelp, Laminaria digitata. Using upregulation of hsp70 as an indicator of thermal stress, we found that trailing edge populations were better equipped to tolerate acute temperature shocks. This pattern was consistent across seasons, indicating that between-population variability is fixed. High genetic structuring was also observed, with range centre and trailing edge populations representing highly distinct clusters with little gene flow between regions. Taken together, this suggests the presence of distinct thermal ecotypes for L. digitata, which may mean responses to future warming are more complex than linear range contractions.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Additional Keywords: Laminaria digitata Range-centre Trailing-edge Climate change Heat shock
Subjects: Marine Sciences
Divisions: Marine Biological Association of the UK > Ecosystems and Environmental Change > Global environmental change and marine ecosystems
Depositing User: Emily Smart
Date made live: 13 Jul 2021 15:20
Last Modified: 13 Jul 2021 15:20
URI: http://plymsea.ac.uk/id/eprint/9255

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