Effects of sea ice and wind speed on phytoplankton spring bloom in central and southern Baltic Sea

Anil, AG; Pärn, O; Lessin, G; Stips, A. 2021 Effects of sea ice and wind speed on phytoplankton spring bloom in central and southern Baltic Sea. PLOS ONE, 16 (3). e0242637. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0242637

[img]
Preview
Text
journal.pone.0242637.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (2MB) | Preview
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0242637

Abstract/Summary

In this study, the effects of sea ice and wind speed on the timing and composition of phytoplankton spring bloom in the central and southern Baltic Sea are investigated by a hydrodynamic–biogeochemical model and observational data. The modelling experiment compared the results of a reference run in the presence of sea ice with those of a run in the absence of sea ice, which confirmed that ecological conditions differed significantly for both the scenarios. It has been found that diatoms dominate the phytoplankton biomass in the absence of sea ice, whereas dinoflagellates dominate the biomass in the presence of thin sea ice. The study concludes that under moderate ice conditions (representing the last few decades), dinoflagellates dominate the spring bloom phytoplankton biomass in the Baltic Sea, whereas diatoms will be dominant in the future as a result of climate change i.e. in the absence of sea ice.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Divisions: Plymouth Marine Laboratory > National Capability categories > Single Centre NC - CLASS
Plymouth Marine Laboratory > Science Areas > Marine Ecosystem Models and Predictions
Depositing User: S Hawkins
Date made live: 11 Mar 2021 10:39
Last Modified: 11 Mar 2021 10:39
URI: http://plymsea.ac.uk/id/eprint/9156

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item