Toward a Harmonization for Using in situ Nutrient Sensors in the Marine Environment

Daniel, A; Laës-Huon, A; Barus, C; Beaton, AD; Blandfort, D; Guigues, N; Knockaert, M; Muraron, D; Salter, I; Woodward, EMS; Greenwood, N; Achterberg, EP. 2020 Toward a Harmonization for Using in situ Nutrient Sensors in the Marine Environment. Frontiers in Marine Science, 6. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2019.00773

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2019.00773

Abstract/Summary

Improvedcomparabilityofnutrientconcentrationsinseawaterisrequiredtoenhancethe quality and utility of measurements reported to global databases. Significant progress has been made over recent decades in improving the analysis and data quality for traditional laboratory measurements of nutrients. Similar efforts are required to establish high-quality data outputs from in situ nutrient sensors, which are rapidly becoming integral components of ocean observing systems. This paper suggests using the good practices routine established for laboratory reference methods to propose a harmonized setofdeploymentprotocolsandofqualitycontrolproceduresfornutrientmeasurements obtained from in situ sensors. These procedures are intended to establish a framework to standardize the technical and analytical controls carried out on the three main types of in situ nutrient sensors currently available (wet chemical analyzers, ultraviolet optical sensors, electrochemical sensors) for their deployments on all kinds of platform. The routine reference controls that can be applied to the sensors are listed for each step of sensor use: initial qualification under controlled conditions in the laboratory, preparation of the sensor before deployment, field deployment and finally the sensor recovery. The fundamental principles applied to the laboratory reference method are then reviewed in termsofthecalibrationprotocol,instrumentalinterferences,environmentalinterferences, external controls, and method performance assessment. Data corrections (linearity, sensitivity, drifts, interferences and outliers) are finally identified along with the concepts and calculations for qualification for both real time and time delayed data. This paper emphasizes the necessity of future collaborations between research groups, referenceaccredited laboratories, and technology developers, to maintain comparability of the concentrationsreportedforthevariousnutrientparametersmeasuredbyinsitusensors.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Additional Keywords: nutrient, EOVs, in situ sensor, data comparability, marine biogeochemistry, ocean observing systems
Divisions: Plymouth Marine Laboratory > National Capability categories > Western Channel Observatory
Plymouth Marine Laboratory > Science Areas > Marine Biochemistry and Observations
Depositing User: S Hawkins
Date made live: 10 Feb 2020 11:12
Last Modified: 25 Apr 2020 10:02
URI: http://plymsea.ac.uk/id/eprint/8873

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