Diet-related selectivity of macroplastic ingestion in green turtles (Chelonia mydas) in the eastern Mediterranean

Duncan, EM; Arrowsmith, JA; Bain, CE; Bowdery, H; Broderick, AC; Chalmers, T; Fuller, WJ; Galloway, TS; Lee, JH; Lindeque, PK; Omeyer, LCM; Snape, RTE; Godley, BJ. 2019 Diet-related selectivity of macroplastic ingestion in green turtles (Chelonia mydas) in the eastern Mediterranean. Scientific Reports, 9 (1). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-48086-4

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-48086-4

Abstract/Summary

Understanding the drivers of key interactions between marine vertebrates and plastic pollution is now considered a research priority. Sea turtles are primarily visual predators, with the ability to discriminate according to colour and shape; therefore these factors play a role in feeding choices. Classifcation methodologies of ingested plastic currently do not record these variables, however here, refned protocols allow us to test the hypothesis that plastic is selectively ingested when it resembles the food items of green turtles (Chelonia mydas). Turtles in the eastern Mediterranean displayed strong diet-related selectivity towards certain types (sheet and threadlike), colours (black, clear and green) and shapes (linear items strongly preferred) of plastic when compared to the environmental baseline of plastic beach debris. There was a signifcant negative relationship between size of turtle (curved carapace length) and number/mass of plastic pieces ingested, which may be explained through naivety and/or ontogenetic shifts in diet. Further investigation in other species and sites are needed to more fully ascertain the role of selectivity in plastic ingestion in this marine vertebrate group.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Divisions: Plymouth Marine Laboratory > Science Areas > Marine Ecology and Biodiversity
Depositing User: S Hawkins
Date made live: 18 Oct 2019 08:44
Last Modified: 25 Apr 2020 10:00
URI: http://plymsea.ac.uk/id/eprint/8267

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