Varying depth and swarm dimensions of open-ocean Antarctic krill Euphausia superba Dana, 1850 (Euphausiacea) over diel cycles

Tarling, GA; Thorpe, SE; Fielding, S; Klevjer, T; Ryabov, A; Somerfield, PJ. 2018 Varying depth and swarm dimensions of open-ocean Antarctic krill Euphausia superba Dana, 1850 (Euphausiacea) over diel cycles. Journal of Crustacean Biology, 38 (6). 716-727. https://doi.org/10.1093/jcbiol/ruy040

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1093/jcbiol/ruy040

Abstract/Summary

Diel vertical migration (DVM) behaviour in swarms of Antarctic krill (Euphausia superbaDana, 1850) is notoriously variable, with swarms being found at a range of depths and in different shapes, sizes, and packing concentrations throughout the day-night cycle. Because social aggregation can potentially serve the same purpose as DVM in minimising predation risk, krill may use both strategies to varying extents. Diel variation was examined in swarm depth, length, perimeter, area, thickness, and packing concentration across 4,130 open-ocean swarms in the Scotia Sea during summer. Inter-relationships between each of the swarm descriptors were complex but multivariate analyses identified pairings in levels of similarity between area and perimeter, thickness and packing concentration, and depth and length. Second-stage analysis further identified diel cyclicity in these relationships. Swarm parameters were more variable than depth over the diel cycle, identifying swarming to be the primary diel response to which DVM is a secondary contributor.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Additional Information. Not used in RCUK Gateway to Research.: This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced version of an article accepted for publication in Journal of Crustacean Biology following peer review. The version of record Geraint A Tarling, Sally E Thorpe, Sophie Fielding, Thor Klevjer, Alexey Ryabov, Paul J Somerfield; Varying depth and swarm dimensions of open-ocean Antarctic krill Euphausia superba Dana, 1850 (Euphausiacea) over diel cycles, Journal of Crustacean Biology, Volume 38, Issue 6, 22 November 2018, Pages 716–727 is available online at: https://doi.org/10.1093/jcbiol/ruy040.
Divisions: Plymouth Marine Laboratory > National Capability categories > Added Value
Plymouth Marine Laboratory > Other (PML)
Plymouth Marine Laboratory > Science Areas > Marine Ecology and Biodiversity
Plymouth Marine Laboratory > National Capability categories > Single Centre NC - CLASS
Depositing User: Kim Hockley
Date made live: 12 Feb 2019 14:41
Last Modified: 13 Feb 2019 09:34
URI: http://plymsea.ac.uk/id/eprint/8108

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