The roles of B vitamins in phytoplankton nutrition: new perspectives and prospects

Helliwell, KE. 2017 The roles of B vitamins in phytoplankton nutrition: new perspectives and prospects. New Phytologist, 216 (1). 62-68. 10.1111/nph.14669

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B vitamins play essential roles in central metabolism. These organic water-soluble molecules act as, or as part of, coenzymes within the cell. Unlike land plants, many eukaryotic algae are auxotrophic for certain B vitamins. Recent progress in algal genetic resources and environmental chemistry have promoted a renewal of interest in the role of vitamins in governing phytoplankton dynamics, and illuminated amazing versatility in phytoplankton vitamin metabolism. Accumulating evidence demonstrates metabolic complexity in the production and bioavailability of different vitamin forms, coupled with specialized acquisition strategies to salvage and remodel vitamin precursors. Here, I describe recent advances and discuss how they redefine our view of the way in which vitamins are cycled in aquatic ecosystems and their importance in structuring phytoplankton communities.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Divisions: Marine Biological Association of the UK > Mechanisms underlying biogeochemical and ecological processes > Cell and Molecular Programme
Depositing User: Barbara Bultmann
Date made live: 26 Jan 2018 12:10
Last Modified: 26 Jan 2018 12:10

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