Algal polysaccharide utilisation by saprotrophic planktonic marine fungi

Cunliffe, M; Hollingsworth, A; Bain, C; Sharma, V; Taylor, JD. 2017 Algal polysaccharide utilisation by saprotrophic planktonic marine fungi. Fungal Ecology, 30. 135-138. 10.1016/j.funeco.2017.08.009

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.funeco.2017.08.009

Abstract/Summary

The functional roles that marine mycoplankton fulfil are poorly understood, resulting in a lack of knowledge of their ecology. Here we show, using DNA Stable Isotope Probing with 13C-labelled diatom polysaccharide microgels, that mycoplankton assimilate algal-derived particulate organic carbon (POC), identifying two genera, Malassezia and Cladosporium, which are active saprotrophs in coastal waters. We subsequently isolated polysaccharide-utilising Cladosporium strains from the same ecosystem and that are well-represented in marine mycoplankton assemblages. At the study site, Cladosporium occurs across multiple years and is associated with diatoms. During growth with the polysaccharide laminarin, Cladosporium spp. secrete the extracellular carbohydrate-active enzyme glucan 1,3-β-glucosidase. These results show that some marine mycoplankton have a saprotrophic functional role in processing algal polysaccharides. Mycoplankton may, therefore, be involved in the trophic transfer of phytoplankton produced POC in marine food webs, and because bacterioplankton occupy the same niche, potential interactions maybe taking place that are yet to be characterised.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Divisions: Marine Biological Association of the UK > Mechanisms underlying biogeochemical and ecological processes > Cell and Molecular Programme
Depositing User: Barbara Bultmann
Date made live: 23 Feb 2018 15:27
Last Modified: 23 Feb 2018 15:27
URI: http://plymsea.ac.uk/id/eprint/7692

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