Distinguishing globally-driven changes from regional- and local-scale impacts: the case for long-term and broad-scale studies of recovery from pollution.

Hawkins, SJ; Evans, AJ; Adams, L; Bray, S; Burrows, MT; Firth, LB; Genner, MJ; Leung, KMY; Mieszkowska, N; Moore, PJ; Pack, K; Schuster, H; Sims, DW; Whittington, M; Southward, EC. 2017 Distinguishing globally-driven changes from regional- and local-scale impacts: the case for long-term and broad-scale studies of recovery from pollution.. Marine Pollution Bulletin. 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2017.01.068

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2017.01.068

Abstract/Summary

Marine ecosystems are subject to anthropogenic change at global, regional and local scales. Global drivers interact with regional- and local-scale impacts of both a chronic and acute nature. Natural fluctuations and those driven by climate change need to be understood to diagnose local- and regional-scale impacts, and to inform assessments of recovery. Three case studies are used to illustrate the need for long-term studies: (i) separation of the influence of fishing pressure from climate change on bottom fish in the English Channel; (ii) recovery of rocky shore assemblages fromthe Torrey Canyon oil spill in the southwest of England; (iii) interaction of climate change and chronic Tributyltin pollution affecting recovery of rocky shore populations following the Torrey Canyon oil spill. We emphasize that “baselines” or “reference states” are better viewed as envelopes that are dependent on the timewindowof observation. Recommendations are made for adaptive management in a rapidly changing world.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Subjects: Biology
Conservation
Ecology and Environment
Marine Sciences
Pollution
Divisions: Marine Biological Association of the UK > Ecosystems and Environmental Change > Marine Biodiversity and Climate Change
Depositing User: Dr Nova Mieszkowska
Date made live: 20 Sep 2017 08:55
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2017 10:19
URI: http://plymsea.ac.uk/id/eprint/7507

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