Modelling the increased frequency of extreme sea levels in the Ganges–Brahmaputra–Meghna delta due to sea level rise and other effects of climate change

Kay, S; Caesar, J; Wolf, J; Bricheno, L; Nicholls, RJ; Saiful Islam, AKM; Haque, A; Pardaens, A; Lowe, JA. 2015 Modelling the increased frequency of extreme sea levels in the Ganges–Brahmaputra–Meghna delta due to sea level rise and other effects of climate change [in special issue: ESPA Deltas] Environ. Sci.: Processes Impacts, 17 (7). 1311-1322. 10.1039/C4EM00683F

This is the latest version of this item.

[img]
Preview
Text
Kay_et_al_SeaLevelRise_GBM_delta_ESPI_accepted.pdf - Accepted Version

Download (1MB) | Preview
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/C4EM00683F

Abstract/Summary

Coastal flooding due to storm surge and high tides is a serious risk for inhabitants of the Ganges–Brahmaputra–Meghna (GBM) delta, as much of the land is close to sea level. Climate change could lead to large areas of land being subject to increased flooding, salinization and ultimate abandonment in West Bengal, India, and Bangladesh. IPCC 5th assessment modelling of sea level rise and estimates of subsidence rates from the EU IMPACT2C project suggest that sea level in the GBM delta region may rise by 0.63 to 0.88 m by 2090, with some studies suggesting this could be up to 0.5 m higher if potential substantial melting of the West Antarctic ice sheet is included. These sea level rise scenarios lead to increased frequency of high water coastal events. Any effect of climate change on the frequency and severity of storms can also have an effect on extreme sea levels. A shelf-sea model of the Bay of Bengal has been used to investigate how the combined effect of sea level rise and changes in other environmental conditions under climate change may alter the frequency of extreme sea level events for the period 1971 to 2099. The model was forced using atmospheric and oceanic boundary conditions derived from climate model projections and the future scenario increase in sea level was applied at its ocean boundary. The model results show an increased likelihood of extreme sea level events through the 21st century, with the frequency of events increasing greatly in the second half of the century: water levels that occurred at decadal time intervals under present-day model conditions occurred in most years by the middle of the 21st century and 3–15 times per year by 2100. The heights of the most extreme events tend to increase more in the first half of the century than the second. The modelled scenarios provide a case study of how sea level rise and other effects of climate change may combine to produce a greatly increased threat to life and property in the GBM delta by the end of this century.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Additional Keywords: sea level rise, Bay of Bengal, climate change
Subjects: Oceanography
Divisions: Plymouth Marine Laboratory > Science Areas > Marine Ecosystem Models and Predictions
Depositing User: Susan Kay
Date made live: 16 Nov 2016 15:48
Last Modified: 06 Jun 2017 16:17
URI: http://plymsea.ac.uk/id/eprint/7208

Available Versions of this Item

  • Modelling the increased frequency of extreme sea levels in the Ganges–Brahmaputra–Meghna delta due to sea level rise and other effects of climate change. (deposited 16 Nov 2016 15:48) [Currently Displayed]

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item