Bacterial symbiosis in Syssitomya pourtalesiana Oliver, 2012 (Galeommatoidea: Montacutidae), a bivalve commensal with the deep-sea echinoid Pourtalesia.

Oliver, PG; Southward, EC; Dando, PR. 2013 Bacterial symbiosis in Syssitomya pourtalesiana Oliver, 2012 (Galeommatoidea: Montacutidae), a bivalve commensal with the deep-sea echinoid Pourtalesia.. Journal of Molluscan Studies, 79. 30-41. 10.1093/mollus/eys031

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Official URL: http://mollus.oxfordjournals.org/content/79/1/30.a...

Abstract/Summary

For the first time, bacterial symbiosis is recognized in the bivalve family Montacutidae of the superfamily Galeommatoidea. The ctenidial filaments of Syssitomya pourtalesiana Oliver, 2012 are extended abfrontally and a dense layer of bacteriocyte cells cover the entire surface behind a narrow ciliated frontal zone. The bacteria are extracellular and held within a matrix of epithelial extensions and microvilli. There is no cuticular layer (glycocalyx) covering the bacteria as in many thyasirid symbioses. The bacteriocytes hold more than one morphotype of bacteria, but bacilli, 1–3 μm in length, dominate. Scanning electron microscopy observations show a surface mat of filamentous bacteria over the extreme abfrontal surfaces. Filter feeding was confirmed by the presence of food particles in the stomach and the bivalve is presumed to be mixotrophic. Syssitomya is commensal and lives attached to the anal spines of the deep-sea echinoid Pourtalesia. In this position, echinoid feeding currents and echinoid faecal material may supply the bacteria with a variety of nutrient materials including dissolved organic matter.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Subjects: Biology
Marine Sciences
Zoology
Divisions: Marine Biological Association of the UK > Other (MBA)
Depositing User: Professor Paul Dando
Date made live: 10 Sep 2015 09:35
Last Modified: 06 Jun 2017 16:13
URI: http://plymsea.ac.uk/id/eprint/6540

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