Diversity and plastid types in Dinophysis acuminata complex (Dinophyceae) in Scottish waters

Stern, R. F.; Amorim, A. L.; Bresnan, E.. 2014 Diversity and plastid types in Dinophysis acuminata complex (Dinophyceae) in Scottish waters. Harmful Algae, 39. 223-231.

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Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S...

Abstract/Summary

Dinophysis acuminata produces lipophilic shellfish toxins (LSTs) that have economic and ecological impact on marine invertebrates in NE Atlantic where aquaculture farming is prevalent. Identification of D. acuminata can be complex. Cells exhibit a variety of morphotypes that overlap between species making identification using routine light microscopy difficult. These cells are mixotrophic and their population size is influenced by hydrographic conditions and prey populations. Dinophysis cells are able to acquire and temporarily keep prey plastids from a variety of photosynthetic unicellular sources. The Dinophysis community in Scottish waters tend to be dominated by cells with morphologies that appear to be variants of D. acuminata/norvegica complex particularly during late spring/early summer. To determine the identity of these morphotypes, DNA barcoding was performed on 32 single cell isolates from sites around the Scottish coast using the ribosomal internal transcribed spacer 1 (ITS1) and a partial cytochrome oxidase I (COI) fragment on the same single cells. Although the cells exhibited a variety of morphotypes, most were restricted to one cluster containing D. acuminata and three grouped with Dinophysis ovum. This is the first molecular confirmation of the presence of D. ovum in Scottish waters. Two isolates showed considerable divergence – one was unidentifiable from the public databases, whilst the other matched a Dinophysis cf. acuta isolate from Canada. To investigate prey plastids, molecular analysis of these Dinophysis single cells was conducted with a partial fragment of the plastid ribosomal marker (16S). Most cells harboured plastids from the cryptophyte Teleaulax – the most commonly reported plastid type, however one cell harboured a Rhodomonas/Storeatula derived plastid. This finding increases the range and variety of cryptophyte plastids found in Dinophysis and increases the range of prey-types.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Additional Keywords: Dinophysis Cryptophyte Molecular identification COI ITS Plastid
Depositing User: Miss Gemma Brice
Date made live: 06 Mar 2017 09:00
Last Modified: 06 Mar 2017 18:00
URI: http://plymsea.ac.uk/id/eprint/6445

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