Interaction Effects of Light, Temperature and Nutrient Limitations (N, P and Si) on Growth, Stoichiometry and Photosynthetic Parameters of the Cold-Water Diatom Chaetoceros wighamii

Spilling, K; Ylöstalo, P; Simis, S; Seppälä, J. 2015 Interaction Effects of Light, Temperature and Nutrient Limitations (N, P and Si) on Growth, Stoichiometry and Photosynthetic Parameters of the Cold-Water Diatom Chaetoceros wighamii. PLOS ONE, 10 (5). e0126308. 10.1371/journal.pone.0126308

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0126308

Abstract/Summary

<p>Light (20-450 μmol photons m<sup>-2</sup> s<sup>-1</sup>), temperature (3-11°C) and inorganic nutrient composition (nutrient replete and N, P and Si limitation) were manipulated to study their combined influence on growth, stoichiometry (C:N:P:Chl <italic>a</italic>) and primary production of the cold water diatom <italic>Chaetoceros wighamii</italic>. During exponential growth, the maximum growth rate (~0.8 d<sup>-1</sup>) was observed at high temperture and light; at 3°C the growth rate was ~30% lower under similar light conditions. The interaction effect of light and temperature were clearly visible from growth and cellular stoichiometry. The average C:N:P molar ratio was 80:13:1 during exponential growth, but the range, due to different light acclimation, was widest at the lowest temperature, reaching very low C:P (~50) and N:P ratios (~8) at low light and temperature. The C:Chl <italic>a</italic> ratio had also a wider range at the lowest temperature during exponential growth, ranging 16-48 (weight ratio) at 3°C compared with 17-33 at 11°C. During exponential growth, there was no clear trend in the Chl <italic>a</italic> normalized, initial slope (α*) of the photosynthesis-irradiance (PE) curve, but the maximum photosynthetic production (P<sub>m</sub>) was highest for cultures acclimated to the highest light and temperature. During the stationary growth phase, the stoichiometric relationship depended on the limiting nutrient, but with generally increasing C:N:P ratio. The average photosynthetic quotient (PQ) during exponential growth was 1.26 but decreased to &lt;1 under nutrient and light limitation, probably due to photorespiration. The results clearly demonstrate that there are interaction effects between light, temperature and nutrient limitation, and the data suggests greater variability of key parameters at low temperature. Understanding these dynamics will be important for improving models of aquatic primary production and biogeochemical cycles in a warming climate.</p>

Item Type: Publication - Article
Additional Keywords: stoichiometry, phytoplankton, primary production, nutrients, diatom, light, Baltic sea
Subjects: Ecology and Environment
Marine Sciences
Divisions: Plymouth Marine Laboratory > Science Areas > Earth Observation Science and Applications
Depositing User: Dr Stefan Simis
Date made live: 09 Jun 2015 16:28
Last Modified: 06 Jun 2017 16:13
URI: http://plymsea.ac.uk/id/eprint/6394

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