What are the local impacts of energy systems on marine ecosystem services: a systematic map protocol

Papathanasopoulou, E; Queiros, AM; Beaumont, NJ; Hooper, TL; Nunes, J. 2014 What are the local impacts of energy systems on marine ecosystem services: a systematic map protocol. Environmental Evidence, 3. 10.1186/2047-2382-3-26

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Abstract/Summary

Background: Increasing concentrations of atmospheric greenhouse gases (GHG) and its impact on the climate has resulted in many international governments committing to reduce their GHG emissions. The UK, for example, has committed to reducing its carbon emissions by 80% by 2050. Suggested ways of reaching such a target are to increase dependency on offshore wind, offshore gas and nuclear. It is not clear, however, how the construction, operation and decommissioning of these energy systems will impact marine ecosystem services, i.e. the services obtained by people from the natural environment such as food provisioning, climate regulation and cultural inspiration. Research on ecosystem service impacts associated with offshore energy technologies is still in its infancy. The objective of this review is to bolster the evidence base by firstly, recording and describing the impacts of energy technologies at the marine ecosystems and human level in a consistent and transparent way; secondly, to translate these ecosystem and human impacts into ecosystem service impacts by using a framework to ensure consistency and comparability. The output of this process will be an objective synthesis of ecosystem service impacts comprehensive enough to cover different types of energy under the same analysis and to assist in informing how the provision of ecosystem services will change under different energy provisioning scenarios. Methods: Relevant studies will be sourced using publication databases and selected using a set of selection criteria including the identification of: (i) relevant subject populations such as marine and coastal species, marine habitat types and the general public; (ii) relevant exposure types including offshore wind farms, offshore oil and gas platforms and offshore structures connected with nuclear; (iii) relevant outcomes including changes in species structure and diversity; changes in benthic, demersal and pelagic habitats; and changes in cultural services. The impacts will be synthesised and described using a systematic map. To translate these findings into ecosystem service impacts, the Common International Classification of Ecosystem Services (CICES) and Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MEA) frameworks are used and a detailed description of the steps taken provided to ensure transparency and replicability.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Additional Keywords: Energy systems, Ecosystem impacts, Ecosystem service impacts, Biodiversity, Habitats, Ecosystem functions, Ecosystem Processes, Human health and well-being, Ecosystem service classifications
Subjects: Ecology and Environment
Marine Sciences
Policies
Divisions: Plymouth Marine Laboratory > Science Areas > Sea and Society
Depositing User: Dr Eleni Papathanasopoulou
Date made live: 30 Jun 2015 10:28
Last Modified: 06 Jun 2017 16:13
URI: http://plymsea.ac.uk/id/eprint/6314

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