Protection of cells from salinity stress by extracellular polymeric substances in diatom biofilms

Steele, DJ; Franklin, DJ; Underwood, GJC. 2014 Protection of cells from salinity stress by extracellular polymeric substances in diatom biofilms. Biofouling: The Journal of Bioadhesion and Biofilm research, 30 (8). 987-998. 10.1080/08927014.2014.960859

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08927014.2014.960859

Abstract/Summary

Diatom biofilms are abundant in the marine environment. It is assumed (but untested) that extracellular polymeric substances(EPS), produced by diatoms, enable cells to cope with fluctuating salinity. To determine the protective role of EPS, <i>Cylindrotheca closterium</i> was grown in xanthan gum at salinities of 35, 50, 70 and 90 ppt. A xanthan matrix significantly increased cell viability (determined by SYTOX-Green), growth rate and population density by up to 300, 2, 300 and 200%, respectively. Diatoms grown in 0.75% w/v xanthan, subjected to acute salinity shock treatments (at salinities 17.5, 50, 70 and 90 ppt) maintained photosynthetic capacity, <i>F<sub>q′</sub>/F<sub>m′</sub></i>, within 4% of pre-shock values, whereas <i>F<sub>q′</sub>/F<sub>m′</sub></i> in cells grown without xanthan declined by up to 64% with hypersaline shock. Biofilms that developed in xanthan at standard salinity helped cells to maintain function during salinity shock. These results provide evidence of the benefits of living in an EPS matrix for biofilm diatoms.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Additional Keywords: biofilm; diatoms; Cylindrotheca; exopolymer; sea ice; salinity; xanthan gum
Subjects: Ecology and Environment
Marine Sciences
Pollution
Divisions: Plymouth Marine Laboratory > Science Areas > Cycling in the Sunlit Ocean
Depositing User: Dr Deborah Steele
Date made live: 08 Dec 2014 10:06
Last Modified: 06 Jun 2017 16:12
URI: http://plymsea.ac.uk/id/eprint/6301

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