Modelling the Influence of Major Baltic Inflows on Near-Bottom Conditions at the Entrance of the Gulf of Finland

Lessin, G; Raudsepp, U; Stips, A. 2014 Modelling the Influence of Major Baltic Inflows on Near-Bottom Conditions at the Entrance of the Gulf of Finland. PLoS ONE, 9 (11). e112881. 10.1371/journal.pone.0112881

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0112881

Abstract/Summary

<p>A coupled hydrodynamic-biogeochemical model was implemented in order to estimate the effects of Major Baltic Inflows on the near-bottom hydrophysical and biogeochemical conditions in the northern Baltic Proper and the western Gulf of Finland during the period 1991�2009. We compared results of a realistic reference run to the results of an experimental run where Major Baltic Inflows were suppressed. Further to the expected overall decrease in bottom salinity, this modelling experiment confirms that in the absence of strong saltwater inflows the deep areas of the Baltic Proper would become more anoxic, while in the shallower areas (western Gulf of Finland) near-bottom average conditions improve. Our experiment revealed that typical estuarine circulation results in the sporadic emergence of short-lasting events of near-bottom anoxia in the western Gulf of Finland due to transport of water masses from the Baltic Proper. Extrapolating our results beyond the modelled period, we speculate that the further deepening of the halocline in the Baltic Proper is likely to prevent inflows of anoxic water to the Gulf of Finland and in the longer term would lead to improvement in near-bottom conditions in the Baltic Proper. Our results reaffirm the importance of accurate representation of salinity dynamics in coupled Baltic Sea models serving as a basis for credible hindcast and future projection simulations of biogeochemical conditions.</p>

Item Type: Publication - Article
Additional Keywords: Baltic Sea, Ecosystem Modelling, Marine Biogeochemistry, Oxygen, Salinity, Nutrients
Subjects: Ecology and Environment
Marine Sciences
Meteorology and Climatology
Divisions: Plymouth Marine Laboratory > Science Areas > Today's Models Tomorrow's Futures
Plymouth Marine Laboratory > National Capability categories > Modelling
Depositing User: Gennadi Lessin
Date made live: 18 Nov 2014 14:28
Last Modified: 06 Jun 2017 16:12
URI: http://plymsea.ac.uk/id/eprint/6299

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