A massive phytoplankton bloom induced by an ecosystem-scale iron fertilization experiment in the equatorial Pacific Ocean

Coale, KH; Johnson, KS; Fitzwater, SE; Gordon, RM; Tanner, S; Chavez, FP; Ferioli, L; Sakamoto, C; Rogers, P; Millero, F; Steinberg, P; Nightingale, P; Cooper, D; Cochlan, WP; Landry, MR; Constantinou, J; Rollwagen, G; Trasvina, A; Kudela, R. 1996 A massive phytoplankton bloom induced by an ecosystem-scale iron fertilization experiment in the equatorial Pacific Ocean. Nature, 383 (6600). 495-501. 10.1038/383495a0

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/383495a0

Abstract/Summary

The seeding of an expanse of surface waters in the equatorial Pacific Ocean with low concentrations of dissolved iron triggered a massive phytoplankton bloom which consumed large quantities of carbon dioxide and nitrate that these microscopic plants cannot fully utilize under natural conditions. These and other observations provide unequivocal support for the hypothesis that phytoplankton growth in this oceanic region is limited by iron bioavailability.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Additional Keywords: algal blooms, iron, nutrient enrichment, Pacific, (Equatorial), carbon dioxide, nitrate, sea water, surface water, article, ecosystem, marine environment, photosynthesis, phytoplankton, plant growth, priority journal
Subjects: Marine Sciences
Oceanography
Divisions: Plymouth Marine Laboratory > Other (PML)
Depositing User: Professor Philip Nightingale
Date made live: 13 Oct 2014 17:01
Last Modified: 06 Jun 2017 16:12
URI: http://plymsea.ac.uk/id/eprint/6231

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