Social impacts of a temperate fisheries closure: understanding stakeholders' views

Hattam, C; Mangi, SC; Gall, SC; Rodwell, LD. 2014 Social impacts of a temperate fisheries closure: understanding stakeholders' views. Marine Policy, 45. 269-278. 10.1016/j.marpol.2013.09.005

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2013.09.005

Abstract/Summary

The social dimensions of marine protected areas (MPAs) play an important role in MPA success, yet these social dimensions are little understood. We explore the social impacts arising from the establishment of an MPA using Lyme Bay (south west England) as a case study. Through a series of small group semi-structured interviews the social impacts experienced by fishermen (mobile and static gear), recreational users (divers and sea anglers) and recreation service providers (charter boat and dive businesses) were explored. The social impacts expressed varied according to activity in which the stakeholder group engaged. Negative themes included lengthening fishing trips, tension and conflict, fishermen identity, equity and uncertainty in the long-term. Positive themes included improved experiences for both commercial fishermen and recreational users, and expectations for long-term benefits. These impacts need to be understood because they influence stakeholder behaviour. Failure to interpret stakeholder responses may lead to poor decision-making and worsening stakeholder relations. These findings have implications for the success of the MPA in Lyme Bay, but also for the future network of marine conservation zones around the UK. Any assessment of MPA impacts must therefore identify social as well as economic and environmental change.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Additional Keywords: MARINE-PROTECTED AREAS; SOUTHERN EUROPE; COASTAL AREAS; LYME BAY; MANAGEMENT; UK; COMMUNITIES; OBJECTIVES; RESERVES; ECONOMY
Divisions: Plymouth Marine Laboratory > Science Areas > Sea and Society
Depositing User: Mrs Julia Crocker
Date made live: 02 Oct 2014 15:57
Last Modified: 06 Jun 2017 16:12
URI: http://plymsea.ac.uk/id/eprint/6213

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