Monitoring changes in phytoplankton abundance and composition in the Northwest Atlantic: a comparison of results obtained by Continuous Plankton Recorder sampling and colour satellite imagery

Head, EHJ; Pepin, P. 2010 Monitoring changes in phytoplankton abundance and composition in the Northwest Atlantic: a comparison of results obtained by Continuous Plankton Recorder sampling and colour satellite imagery. Journal of Plankton Research, 32 (12). 1649-1660.

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Abstract/Summary

Phytoplankton abundance in the NW Atlantic was measured by continuous plankton recorder (CPR) sampling along tracks between Iceland and the western Scotian Shelf from 1998 to 2006, when sea-surface chlorophyll (SSChl) measurements were also being made by ocean colour satellite imagery using the SeaWiFS sensor. Seasonal and inter-annual changes in phytoplankton abundance were examined using data collected by both techniques, averaged over each of four shelf regions and four deep ocean regions. CPR sampling had gaps (missing months) in all regions and in the four deep ocean regions satellite observations were too sparse between November and February to be of use. Average seasonal cycles of SSChl were similar to those of total diatom abundance in seven regions, to those of the phytoplankton colour index in six regions, but were not similar to those of total dinoflagellate abundance anywhere. Large inter-annual changes in spring bloom dynamics were captured by both samplers in shelf regions. Changes in annual (or 8 months) averages of SSChl did not generally follow those of the CPR indices within regions and multi-year averages of SSChl, and the three CPR indices were generally higher in shelf than in deep ocean regions. Remote sensing and CPR sampling provide complementary ways of monitoring phytoplankton in the ocean: the former has superior temporal and spatial coverage and temporal resolution, and the latter provides better taxonomic information.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Depositing User: Miss Gemma Brice
Date made live: 26 Mar 2014 14:09
Last Modified: 06 Mar 2017 17:57
URI: http://plymsea.ac.uk/id/eprint/5758

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