Changes in the oceanic northeast Pacific plankton populations; what may happen in a warmer ocean

Batten, SD. 2007 Changes in the oceanic northeast Pacific plankton populations; what may happen in a warmer ocean. UNSPECIFIED.

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Abstract/Summary

The Continuous Plankton Recorder has been sampling the northeast Pacific on a routine basis since 2000. Although this is a relatively short time series still, climate variability within that time has caused noticeable related changes in the plankton. The earlier part of the time series followed the 1999 La Nina and conditions were cool, but conditions between 2003 and 2005 were anomalously warm. Oceanic zooplankton have responded to this warming in several ways that are discernible in CPR data. The seasonal cycle of mesozooplankton biomass in the eastern Gulf of Alaska has shifted earlier in the spring by a few weeks (sampling resolution is too coarse to be more accurate). The copepod Neocalanus plumchruslflemingeri is largely responsible as it makes up a high proportion of the spring surface biomass and stage-based determinations have shown an earlier maximum in warmer years across much of the northeast Pacific, spanning nearly 20 degrees of latitude. Summer copepod populations are more diverse than in spring, although lower in biomass. The northwards extension of southern taxa in the summer correlates with surface temperature and in warmer years southern taxa are found further north than in cooler years. These findings support the importance of monitoring the open ocean particularly as it is an important foraging ground for large fish, birds and mammals. Higher trophic levels may time their reproduction or migration to coincide with the abundance of particular prey which may be of a different composition and/or lower abundance at a particular time in warmer conditions.

Item Type: Publication - Book
Additional Information. Not used in RCUK Gateway to Research.: Human and Climate Forcing of Zooplankton Populations. p. 210. 2007. 4. Int. Zooplankton Production Symp., Hiroshima (Japan), 28 May-1 Jun 2007 Book Monograph; Conference; Summary
Additional Keywords: Article Subject Terms: Indexing in process
Depositing User: Miss Gemma Brice
Date made live: 26 Mar 2014 14:09
Last Modified: 06 Mar 2017 17:56
URI: http://plymsea.ac.uk/id/eprint/5652

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